Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons

THE ABANDONED HOSPITAL IN FRANCE


This ‘Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons’ in Dreux, France. The site consist of several buildings. The longest building reaches 380 meter. The 47 hectares complex could accommodate up to 1000 people.

In 1933, thanks to mayor Maurice Viollette, the sanatorium opens its doors, northwest of Dreux in the village Les Buissons. Architects Georges Beauniée and André Sarut designed the buildings. During the years the sanatorium is transformed into a big complex. The site consists of several health institutes, housed in different buildings. The buildings are divided into five pavilions, all named after a doctor, researcher or scientist working in the medical field: Pasteur, Calmette, Koch, Villemin, Guersant and Laennec.

  • Préventorium Maurice Viollette, built in 1931 with 300 beds.
  • Sanatorium, or Clinique Laennec, opened in 1932 with 400 beds.
  • Maison de repos pour femmes et jeunes filles Thérèse Viollette, a rest home for women and young people built in 1935 with 50 beds.
  • A geriatric department built in 1939 but never put into operation because of the Second World War.
  • L’asile des Vieillards, an asylum for old folks opened in 1958.

Beginning of the end

After the Second World War the number of tuberculosis patients drops drastically. The old rest home became a cardiology ward, the préventorium was transformed into an institute for pedagogical sciences. Other buildings were transformed into an home for old people. Buildings, not complied at the modern needs, were little by little disused. Towards the end of the seventies, the hospital closed its doors.

Today, only two buildings are still in use. A children’s outdoor activity centre and medical archives building are in use. The others fall into decay, only used by the fire service, the civil defence and vandals. The future of the site is not clear. I visited ‘Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons’ in 2011.

Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux
Sanatorium des Bas-Buissons Dreux

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