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Schule für Heeresmotorisierung


In 1940, these buildings underwent reconversion to accommodate the ‘Schule für Heeresmotorisierung’, a military technical school. Subsequently, the Soviet army utilized them as ‘Schule Nr. 1’ up until 1992.

The construction of the initial military facilities in Wünsdorf commenced in 1933, designed to house German tank units. By 1935, the establishment of ‘Panzertruppenschule II’ signified the creation of the second major training center by the German Panzerwaffe, dedicated to instructing armored officers in tank warfare. Following this, the expansion included the construction of extra barracks, residential quarters, dining facilities, and hotels to cater to the expanding needs of the military personnel.

Research and development

The Panzertruppenschule’s research and development department, originally known as ‘Versuchsabteilung für Heeresmotorisierung,’ was separated from the school and subsequently renamed ‘Schule für Heeresmotorisierung.’ This newly autonomous institute commenced operations in February 1940, focusing on the training of repairmen, foremen, and other technical staff. Meanwhile, the Panzertruppenschule shifted its focus to the operational and tactical training of officers.

Soviet forces

On April 20, 1945, Soviet forces captured the military area with minimal resistance. The bunkers and barracks had been abandoned just hours before. By the 1950s, the site was home to nearly 80,000 Soviet citizens. Old school buildings were converted into apartments for officers, soldiers, and their families. Additionally, one of the structures continued to serve as a school, bearing the name ‘Schule Nr 1’.

Following 1992, the school deteriorated significantly. The prospects of repurposing the old school diminish annually. During my 2020 road trip through East Germany, I had the opportunity to visit this school.

Built 1933
Abandoned 1992
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